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What’s the Annual Worth of a property and the way do I test mine?

The Annual Worth of your property helps the federal government resolve the wealth of a family. Primarily based on this and different standards comparable to assessable earnings, the federal government decides how a lot it ought to give and take from us of us. Examples of “give” come within the type of monetary assist such because the Assurance Bundle and Price-of-Residing and GST vouchers. However, “take” refers back to the property tax now we have to pay yearly by 31 January.

In brief, it’s all the time good to know the Annual Worth of a house, particularly should you’re about to purchase or lease that property.

However what’s the definition of the Annual Worth of a property, and the way is it calculated? Let’s discover out.

What’s the Annual Worth of a property (AV)?

Each property has an Annual Worth. The straight-up definition of the Annual Worth (AV) of a residential property is the estimated gross annual lease {that a} home-owner can acquire in the event that they lease out the property. That is excluding furnishings, furnishings and upkeep charges.

The Inland Income Authority of Singapore (IRAS), which determines the AV of properties in Singapore, moreover clarifies that AV is set “based mostly on estimated market leases of comparable or comparable properties and never on the precise earnings acquired”.

IRAS additionally updates the AV of properties on an annual foundation to mirror adjustments within the rental market, and sends house owners a Valuation Discover to tell them of any revision to their property’s AV. IRAS moreover takes into consideration bodily adjustments—comparable to a significant improve of an HDB block—that may impression a property’s Annual Worth.

yellow helmet, floor plan and some tools for renovation
Main upgrades could alter your property’s AV.

Right here’s a case research of how the Annual Worth (AV) of a residential property is calculated for a person

Andy owns a three-bedroom apartment unit at Tanah Merah with a flooring space of 1,200 sq. toes (sq ft). Initially an owner-occupier, Andy now rents out the entire unit, absolutely furnished, at S$4,100 a month.

To calculate the Annual Worth (AV) of Andy’s property, IRAS makes use of the market leases of comparable or comparable properties inside his growth. This consists of these of the identical unit kind, with roughly the identical flooring space inside the identical apartment.

Let’s say there are 5 comparable leases with quantities starting from S$3,700 to S$4,500. IRAS considers these different rental transactions (not Andy’s) and reductions the price of furnishing, furnishings and upkeep charges. This truly reduces the precise worth monthly to about S$2,300, in the end giving Andy’s property an Annual Worth of S$27,600 (i.e. S$2,300 x 12 months).

Apartment for lease in District 16 (Bedok, Higher East Coast)

Whether or not Andy is an owner-occupier or a landlord, the AV stays the identical. The one distinction is that, it might be taxed much less whether it is owner-occupied, quite than being rented out or left vacant.

(Be aware that the majority authorities schemes and subsidies additionally exclude those that personal two or extra properties. Additionally, an AV of S$27,600 on this case would make anybody dwelling in that property ineligible for current schemes such because the Assurance Bundle money payouts for seniors⁠ — even Andy’s senior citizen father.)

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How does my property’s Annual Worth (AV) evaluate to others?

The Singapore authorities publishes the median Annual Values for every type of residential property in Singapore. Listed below are the median AVs for HDB flats and non-public residential properties for 2021. (As of this replace, the figures for 2022 haven’t been printed but.)

Property class  Property kind Median Annual Worth (S$) for 2021
HDB 1- or 2-room 5,340
  3-room 8,220
  4-room 10,140
  5-room 10,980
  Govt and Others 11,340
Non-public Non-landed (together with Govt Condominiums) 23,400
  Landed 37,200

Be aware the huge hole between the AV of HDB flats and the AV of personal property. Usually, an AV of S$10,000 or much less will cowl all those that keep in a 1, 2, 3-room HDB flat and round half the residents of 4-room HDB flats. An AV of between S$10,000 and S$15,000 will cowl most of these staying in 5-room HDB flats and fewer invaluable non-public properties. An AV of greater than S$25,000 consists of the highest 10% of the inhabitants who keep in additional invaluable non-public properties.

Beneficial article: Property tax for householders in Singapore: How a lot to pay + Rebates + Deadline

Enhance in Annual Worth (AV) of property in 2023

Take observe that as a part of its annual overview, IRAS has elevated the Annual Worth for each HDB and personal residential properties in 2023. Which means most house owners can count on to pay for greater property tax this yr. The rise is in keeping with the rise in market leases.

On the identical time, as introduced within the Finances 2022, property tax charges will likely be extra progressive from 2023 onwards.

For owner-occupied properties with an annual worth of greater than S$30,000, the tax charge on the surplus will likely be elevated to 5-23% from 1 January 2023, and to 6-32% from 1 January 2024.

The property tax charge for non-owner-occupied properties (comparable to funding houses) will likely be even greater at 11-27% from 1 January 2023, and 12-36% from 1 January 2024.

Nonetheless, to mitigate the rising value of dwelling and inflation, the federal government has given off a one-time rebate of as much as S$60 for the 2023 property tax invoice of all owner-occupied properties.

How can I test the AV of a property?

You may test the AV of your individual property freed from cost utilizing the View Property Dashboard on IRAS’ web site. Apart from that, you may as well test the AV of another property in Singapore utilizing the Examine Annual Worth of Property software, with a payment of S$2.50 per lookup.

You might also wish to get an estimate of your property worth with the 99 Property Worth Device.

What if I disagree with the AV of my property?

If you wish to dispute the AV that IRAS has assigned to your property, it’s possible you’ll go to the Object to Annual Worth service on IRAS’ tax portal to file your objection. You are able to do so inside 30 days from the date of the Valuation Discover.

Alternatively, it’s possible you’ll object to the AV of your property as proven within the Valuation Listing (VL) at any time of the yr, by 31 December of the yr of the VL.

Take observe that IRAS doesn’t think about the next as legitimate grounds for objection:

  • Tax charges are too excessive
  • There isn’t a rental earnings because the property is owner-occupied
  • Monetary hardship

In case you’re unhappy with the result of the enchantment, it’s possible you’ll select to enchantment additional to the Valuation Evaluation Board on the Ministry of Finance inside 30 days (though we’ve but to personally hear of somebody taking such an enormous subject with their residence’s AV). The enchantment payment is S$50 for owner-occupiers of residential properties, and S$200 for different property varieties.

I purchased a home. Will the federal government think about the AV of my new residence or my previous one?

After the property is transferred to you, your new deal with will robotically be up to date with IRAS for property tax submitting functions. For functions of receiving authorities schemes, vouchers and payouts, the AV is predicated in your NRIC.

Earlier than the brand new property is transferred to you, your lawyer or HDB officer (for HDB flats) will apportion the present yr tax between you and the vendor. You could have to reimburse the vendor a portion of the property tax, since they’ve already paid for the complete yr.

However, if there’s any excellent tax quantity, your lawyer or HDB officer will allow you to settle it with the vendor.

If your own home is a newly accomplished property, you’ll be taxed from the Non permanent Occupation Allow (TOP) date. So should you solely take possession of it at a later date, you’ll be able to ask your lawyer to get reimbursement from the developer or the Constructing Service Centre (BSC) (for HDB flats).

In case you discovered this text useful, recommends Learn how to estimate your property’s worth like a professional with’s Property Worth Device and Property valuation — What goes into them and why they’re vital.

[Additional reporting by Virginia Tanggono]

Regularly requested questions

What’s the Annual Worth of a house?

The Annual Worth of a property is the estimated gross annual lease of the property if it had been to be rented out, excluding furnishings, furnishings and upkeep charges. It’s based mostly on the estimated market leases or comparable or comparable properties.

Learn how to calculate the Annual Worth of the property?

You may get an estimate of the Annual Worth based mostly on the property leases by way of property portals like, in addition to the 99 Property Worth Device. Alternatively, you’ll be able to consult with the leases of HDB flats by way of the HDB web site, or the URA web site for leases of personal residential properties.

How is the Annual Worth of a property decided?

IRAS considers the next components to find out the Annual Worth: leases of comparable or comparable properties within the space, the scale, location and situation of the property and different related bodily attributes.



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